HYPERMOBILITY / MUSCULOSKELETAL

Juvenile arthritis

What is juvenile arthritis ? Juvenile   arthritis is a general term that describes all types of arthritis diagnosed in someone under the age of 16 years. Other names for juvenile arthritis include juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile chronic arthritis,juvenile idiopathic arthritis and Still’s disease. Around one in 1,000 children have some form of juvenile arthritis, it…

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Osgood-Schlatter disease

What is it ? Osgood- Schlatter Disease is a condition that affects the cartilage around the top of the tibial bone, when the patellar tendon (the lower end of your quadriceps muscle that goes over the front of the knee) repeatedly pulls on the tibial tubercle (the bump of bone sticking out at the top…

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Obesity in children

The number of overweight children in Australia has been increasing in recent years. According to figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, in 2008 one quarter of all Australian children (or approx. 600,000 children aged 5-17 yrs) were overweight or obese. This represents a four percentage point increase from figures in 1995. There is no…

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Severs disease

What is it ? Severs disease or calcaneal apophysitis causes heel pain usually in growing children between age nine and fourteen. It occurs as a result of disturbance during the final development of the heel growth plate. During this time the achilles tendon is pulling strongly on the heel bone and this excessive force can…

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Perthes disease

What is it ? Perthes disease is a disorder in children affecting the hip joint where the blood supply to the head of femur becomes inadequate. As a result the bone begins to soften and break down (known as necrosis). There is no identifiable cause for Perthes disease. Over time the body will begin to…

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Muscular Dystrophy

What is it  ? Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of inherited muscle disorders characterised by progressive muscle weakness. It is caused by a genetic abnormality which affects the muscle structure and function which over time leads to increasing disability. Although there are over one hundred types of muscular dystrophy the most common types that…

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Joint pain

What is it ? Many children experience joint pain at some time in their childhood which may be due to a number of different factors. Common causes of joint pain include: Trauma as a result of acute injury e.g. muscle strain Overuse injury Pain due to hypermobility or laxity of joints Pain secondary to poor…

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Growing Pains

What are Growing Pains? Growing pains is the term used to describe the aches and pains that children often experience during childhood. They are muscular in nature rather than affecting the joints, and usually affect the legs rather than the arms. The pain usually occurs later in the day or evening and may wake the…

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Flat Feet

What are Flat Feet? Pes Planus (also known as flat feet or fallen arches), is a condition where the arch of the foot either fails to develop or collapses. Most feet have an arch on the medial side of the foot, however some children have a flattened arch. This means that the inside surface  of…

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Erb’s Palsy

What is Erb’s Palsy? Erb’s Palsy, also known as brachial plexus paralysis, is a condition involving damage to the nerves that supply the arm in a baby. What causes Erb’s Palsy? Damage to the nerves usually occurs as a result of trauma sustained during a difficult delivery and childbirth. The severity of symptoms may vary…

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