SPEECH DIFFICULTIES

Language-based Learning Difficulties

What are Language-based Learning Difficulties? Language-based learning disabilities are problems with age-appropriate reading, spelling, and/or writing. This disorder is not about how smart a person is. Most people diagnosed with learning disabilities have average to superior intelligence. What are some signs or symptoms of a Language-based Learning Disability? Dyslexia has been used to refer to…

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Dysarthria

What is Dysarthria? Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder. The muscles of the mouth, face, and respiratory system may become weak, move slowly, or not move at all after a stroke or other brain injury. The type and severity of dysarthria depend on which area of the nervous system is affected.Some causes of dysarthria include…

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Cleft Lip and Palate

What is Cleft Lip and Palate? A cleft lip is an opening in the lip. A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth. The palate is made up of two parts-the hard palate and the soft palate. The hard palate is made of bone and is towards the front of your…

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Childhood Apraxia of Speech

What is Childhood Apraxia of Speech? Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) is a motor speech disorder. Children with CAS have problems saying sounds, syllables, and words. This is not because of muscle weakness or paralysis. The brain has problems planning to move the body parts (e.g., lips, jaw, tongue) needed for speech. The child knows…

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